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Fort Garland, Co. was established in 1858 to protect settlers in the San Luis Valley, then part of the Territory of New Mexico. Built in a parallelogram around the parade ground, the fort could accomodate two companies of 100 men and a handful of officers.

Over 25 years, the fort was home to a number of different companies of infantrymen, mounted riflemen and volunteers. Kit Carson and his volunteer unit were commanded to the fort in 1866 to keep the peace and negotiate with the Utes. Regular troops returned in 1867 and Carson and his volunteers were mustered out. Most of them returned to Taos but Kit moved to Boggsville (near today's Las Animas) and settled down as Colorado's Superintendent of Indian Affairs. He died there in 1868.

Fort Garland was abandoned as a military post in 1883, following the confinement of the Utes to reservations.

Map: Fort Garland

Region: Colorado South Central Regional Information

County: Costilla

Proximity to other towns: Located 80.6 miles from Pueblo, 108.6 miles from Colorado Springs, 5.2 miles from Blanca, 15.8 miles from San Luis, 27.4 miles from Mosca-Hooper, 30.2 miles from Alamosa

Population: 432

Elevation: 7932 feet

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